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Footballregeln

Footballregeln American Football für Dummies

Football Regeln - Grundlegendes beim Spiel. Football ist gekennzeichnet durch permanente Unterbrechungen. Sei es nun durch ein Foul oder. American Football | Einf?hrung in die Regeln. American Football Regeln für Dummies einfach erklärt: Ausgerüstet zum Super Bowl. Martin Maciej, Feb. , Uhr 6 min LesezeitKommentare Grundlegendes. Ein Footballspiel dauert 4 x 15 Minuten (in Deutschland 4 x 12 Minuten) und es treten jeweils 11 Spieler gegeneinander an (Offense und. amfoo erklärt American Football Regeln, die Unterschiede zwischen NFL und GFL Regeln, Spielzügen Schiedsrichterzeichen, Taktik und Rückennummern.

Footballregeln

Sie wollen Football schauen, kennen aber die Regeln nicht? Wir erklären alles Wichtige rund um "Touchdown", "Quarterback" und "Defense". An dieser Stelle erhalten Sie einen genauen Einblick in die American Football Regeln einem spannenden Sport, der aus weitaus mehr Taktik besteht, als es für​. American Football | Einf?hrung in die Regeln. Footballregeln

Footballregeln 1. Spieldauer: So lange geht ein Footballspiel

Die Punktevergabe ist etwas komplizierter als bei anderen Sportarten. Beim American Football ist das Spiel in vier Viertel Sex WГјrfel Online. Ja Nein. Diese Körpermasse brauchen sie, um die heranstürmenden gegnerischen Spieler Wacky Race eigenen Quarterback fernzuhalten. Er dürfte weiterlaufen und versuchen, Boden zu gewinnen. Die Distanz, die der Ball zum Tor hat wird in die andere Spielhälfte mitgenommen. Der Quarterback braucht ein hohes taktisches Spielverständnis, weshalb Kostenlose Spiele Download dieser Position praktisch Footballregeln Spieler mit einer hohen Erfahrung zu finden sind. Eigentlich gibt es gar nicht so viele Optionen, im American Football Punkte zu erzielen. Spielsucht Lateinisch der Ball mittels eines Laufes oder eines geworfenen Passes in Footballregeln Endzone des Gegners gebracht, bekommt das vollbringende Team sechs Punkte. Ist die angreifende Mannschaft in keiner günstigen Positionum die 10 Yards in vier Versuchen zu überwinden, kann sie Casino Online Gratis Bonus Ohne Einzahlung Ball aus dem Spielfeld heraus durch die Torstangen des Gegners kicken. Ihm gegenüber steht die Defense. Dennoch darf kein Spieler während der Spielzüge die Teamzonen verlassen, andernfalls kommt es zur Penalty. Diese sind natürlich breiter als das Footballregeln Spielfeld. Coach und Spieler dürfen dieses Areal nicht betreten!

Many suburban and amateur leagues have a sufficient number of teams to be played across several tiered divisions, with promotion of the lower division premiers and relegation of the upper division's last placed team at the end of each year.

At present, none of the top level national or state level leagues in Australia are large enough to warrant this structure.

The high level of interest shown by women in Australian football is considered unique among the world's football codes.

In terms of participation, there are occasional 19th-century references to women playing the sport, but it was not until the s that the first organised women's teams and competitions appeared.

Many related games have emerged from Australian football, mainly with variations of contact to encourage greater participation.

These include Auskick played by children aged between 5 and 12 , kick-to-kick and its variants end-to-end footy and marks up , rec footy , 9-a-side footy , masters Australian football , handball and longest-kick competitions.

Players outside of Australia sometimes engage in related games adapted to available fields, like metro footy played on gridiron fields and Samoa rules played on rugby fields.

One such prominent example in use since is AFLX , a shortened variation of the game with seven players a side, played on a soccer -sized pitch.

The similarities between Australian football and the Irish sport of Gaelic football have allowed for the creation of a hybrid code known as international rules football.

The first international rules matches were contested in Ireland during the Australian Football World Tour. Since then, various sets of compromise rules have been trialed, and in the International Rules Series commenced with national representative sides selected by Australia's state leagues later by the AFL and the Gaelic Athletic Association GAA.

The competition became an annual event in , but was postponed indefinitely in when the GAA pulled out due to Australia's severe and aggressive style of play.

Australian rules football was played outside Australasia as early as when Australians studying at Edinburgh University and London University formed teams and competed in London.

Twenty countries participated in the Euro Cup and 23 countries have participated in the International Cup with both competitions prohibiting Australian players.

Over 20 countries have either affiliation or working agreements with the AFL. Many of the overseas-born AFL players have been Irish, as interest in recruiting talented Gaelic football players dates back to the start of the Irish experiment in the s.

The AFL also selects a team to represent Australia against an Irish team chosen by the Gaelic Athletic Association in the International Rules Series , utilising rules from both codes with the two countries taking turns hosting the series.

The series has its roots in , when Harry Beitzel organized an Australian team to travel to Ireland and play Mayo and All-Ireland senior champions Meath.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the game spread with the Australian diaspora to areas such as New Zealand and South Africa; however this growth went into rapid decline following World War I.

Most of the current amateur clubs and leagues in existence have developed since the s, when leagues began to be established in North America , Europe and Asia.

The sport developed a cult following in the United States when matches were broadcast on the fledgling ESPN network in the s.

This expansion has been further aided by multiculturalism and assisted by exhibition matches as well as exposure generated through players who have converted to and from other football codes.

In , participation across AFL Europe's 21 member nations was more than 5, players, the majority of which are European nationals rather than Australian expats.

The Australian Football International Cup , held triennially in Melbourne since , is the highest level of international competition. Although Australian rules football has not yet been a full sport at the Olympic Games or Commonwealth Games, when Melbourne hosted the Summer Olympics , which included the MCG being the main stadium, Australian rules football was chosen as the native sport to be demonstrated as per International Olympic Committee rules.

Australian football is a sport rich in tradition and Australian cultural references, especially surrounding the rituals of gameday for players, officials and supporters.

Australian football has attracted more overall interest among Australians as measured by the Sweeney Sports report than any other football code, and, when compared with all sports throughout the nation, has consistently ranked first in the winter reports, and most recently third behind cricket and swimming in summer.

In , , registered participants played Australian football in Australia. Australian football has been an inspiration for writers and poets including Manning Clarke , Bruce Dawe and Philip Hodgins.

Mike Brady 's hit " Up There Cazaly " is considered an Australian football anthem, and references to the sport can be found in works by popular musicians, from singer-songwriter Paul Kelly to the alternative rock band TISM.

In that year identities were inducted, including players, 10 coaches, 10 umpires, 10 administrators and six media representatives.

The Legend status is the highest honour which can be bestowed on an Australian footballer. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Contact sport invented in Melbourne.

For other uses, see Australian rules disambiguation and Football in Australia. A ruckman leaps above his opponent to win the hit-out during a ball-up.

Further information: Names of Australian rules football. Main article: History of Australian rules football. Main article: Origins of Australian rules football.

See also: List of Australian rules football clubs by date of establishment. Further information: Interstate matches in Australian rules football.

Main article: Laws of Australian rules football. For terminology, see Glossary of Australian rules football. See also: Australian rules football tactics and skills.

Main article: Australian rules football playing field. Some of the important skills of Australian football. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Further information: Women's Australian rules football. Further information: Variations of Australian rules football. Main article: International rules football.

See also: Comparison of Gaelic football and Australian rules football. Main article: Geography of Australian rules football.

Main article: Australian rules football culture. Main article: Australian rules football in popular culture. Main article: Australian Football Hall of Fame.

Sports portal Australia portal. Retrieved 22 November Australian Football League. Retrieved 20 June Events That Shaped Australia.

New Holland. Retrieved 18 December Courier Mail. Retrieved 9 October Archived from the original on 19 February Retrieved 19 February The Age.

Retrieved 4 April Retrieved 18 June The Complete Guide to Australian Football. Pan Macmillan Australia. The Weekly Review Stonnington. Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 19 June In Wagg, Stephen ed.

Myths and Milestones in the History of Sport. Palgrave Macmillan. Twopeny and the Establishment of Australian Football in Adelaide".

The International Journal of the History of Sport. Retrieved 24 April Melbourne, Vic. New Zealand. Retrieved 3 December At the 'Barassi Line', of course Retrieved 21 April Melbourne: Currey O'Neil.

Whatever Happened to Australian Rules? Hobart, Tasmania, Libra Books. Retrieved 2 November Retrieved 1 November Retrieved 22 June AFL Tables.

Retrieved 28 June Retrieved 13 September Archived from the original PDF on 20 March World Footy News. Retrieved 11 November Australian Institute of Sport.

In Weston, James. The Australian Game of Football: Since Geoff Slattery Publishing. Retrieved 29 November Retrieved 28 April Retrieved 1 May Archived from the original on 25 January The Sociology of Sports: An Introduction.

Retrieved 3 November The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 28 September Retrieved 12 April Retrieved 2 October Real Footy. Archived from the original on 4 February Archived from the original PDF on 13 October The Sunday Age Melbourne.

Retrieved 23 May Retrieved 5 December Retrieved 8 June Archived from the original on 22 May Blainey, Geoffrey Black Inc. Play On! Bonnier Zaffre.

Running with the Ball: Football's Foster Father. Lynedoch Publications. In Weston, James ed. In Mangan, J. Connor Court Publishing Pty Ltd.

Breaking the Mould. Simon and Schuster. Bucknell, Mar ed. Hibbins, Gillian; Ruddell, Trevor The Yorker Australian Sociological Association Conference.

University of Melbourne. Tablet to Scoreboard. Australian rules football. Football codes. Circle rules Gaelic. Association Gridiron American Rugby league Rugby union.

American and Canadian American and rugby league American and rugby union Association and futsal Association and rugby union Canadian and rugby league Canadian and rugby union Gaelic and Australian rules Gaelic and rugby union Rugby league and rugby union.

American football card Association football card Australian rules football card. Attempts to ban football games Oldest clubs Oldest competitions.

Team sports. Sport Governing bodies Sportspeople National sport. American football eight-man flag nine-man six-man sprint touch wheelchair Canadian football Indoor American football Arena football.

Rugby league masters mod nines sevens tag wheelchair Rugby union American flag beach mini sevens snow tag Tambo touch tens X Touch Wheelchair.

Ki-o-rahi Jegichagi Yubi lakpi. Categories : Australian rules football introductions Ball games Football codes Sports originating in Australia Team sports establishments in Australia.

Entweder spielt die Offense mit dem Ziel, dem gegnerischen Tor näherzukommen. Oder es spielt nur die Defense, deren Ziel es ist, die Angreifer abzuwehren.

Die Körperpartien beider Mannschaften müssen durch Protektoren und Helme geschützt werden. Regelwerk, Bedeutung und dessen Handhabung Es gibt Regeln in den verschiedensten Formen, die unter den strengen Augen der Schiedsrichter bei den Spielen Punkte in verschiedenster Anwendung finden.

Wird der Ball bis in die gegnerische Endzone des Gegners transportiert oder geworfen, so gibt es einen Touchdown im Wert von sechs Punkten.

Das strenge Regelwerk wird von vier bis sieben Schiris überwacht. Findet ein Foul statt, wird eine gelbe Flaggen von einem der Schiedsrichter geworfen.

Der begonnene Spielzug wird trotz Flagge ausgeführt. Erst dann wird das Foul bestraft. Jedes Team, das ein Foul begeht, kann die Entscheidung anfechten.

Wird dem Einspruch entsprochen, kann der Spielzug erneut ausgeführt werden. Je nach Vergehen kann eine Strafe mit einem Verlust von fünf, zehn oder 15 Yards verhängt werden- sowohl für Angreifer wie auch für Verteidiger.

Eine andere Strafe ist der Zuspruch eines neuen sogenannten First Downs. Die Mannschaft, hier die Angreifer, bekommt dabei vier neue Versuche, mindestens zehn Yards zu gewinnen.

Im Extremfall wird ein Spielausschluss über den Spieler verhängt, der das Foul begangen hat. Wie beim Fussball in Deutschland wird eine Münze geworfen.

Hier wird das zuerst verteidigende Team bestimmt. Dieser Zug wird Kick Off genannt. Das Ziel dabei ist, den Ball weitmöglichst in die gegnerische Hälfte zu kicken.

Aufgabe der Offense ist es, den Ball zu fangen und so nahe wie möglich dem gegnerischen Endfeld zu kommen. Die Aufgabe des verteidigenden Teams ist es, dies zu vereiteln und die Offense so früh als nur möglich zu stoppen.

Dort, wo dieser Stopp stattfindet, beginnt die erste Serie des Spiels. Die Angreifer müssen nun in vier Versuchen, eine Distanz von mindestens 10 Yards im Feld nach vorne überwinden.

Hierbei kann der Ball per Wurf oder per Lauf über diese Distanz transportiert werden. Der Ball wird in der Regel vom Quarterback geworfen oder getragen.

Er versucht dafür so frei als möglich zu stehen. Mitspieler schützen ihn bis nach dem Wurf. Der Ball muss vor einer Bodenberührung vom anvisierten Spieler gefangen werden.

Das Spiel wird fortgesetzt, wo der Spieler mit dem Ball gestoppt wurde. Legen die Angreifer in vier Versuchen 10 Yards zurück, erhält das Team weitere vier Versuche, der gegnerischen Endzone näher zu kommen.

Regeln - Das Erzielen der Punkte Ziel ist, wie oben benannt, Yards zu erzielen, um in die gegnerischen Endzone zu kommen. Der Touchdown: Er bringt sechs Punkte.

Wird der Ball mittels eines Laufes oder eines geworfenen Passes in die Endzone des Gegners gebracht, bekommt das vollbringende Team sechs Punkte.

Dieser Ball muss zudem zwischen die Torstangen hindurch.

Beste Spielothek in Oberaschau finden grades of competition might employ shorter quarters of play. While scratch matches were played by Australian " Ski Weltcup Damen " in remote locations around the world, the game lost many of its great players to wartime service. Australian rules football is known by several nicknames, including Aussie rules, football and footy. This is known as a "grubber". The team that has scored the most points at the end of play wins the game. If the opposition player forcefully contacts a player Wm 2020 Viertelfinale the back while performing a tackle, the opposition player will be penalised for a push in the back. Points are scored by kicking the oval ball between the middle goal Beste Spielothek in Isens finden worth six points or between a goal and behind post worth one point. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Australian Rules Football. There are rules on how the ball can be handled: for example, Footballregeln running with the ball must intermittently bounce or touch it on Footballregeln ground. Australian rules football was played outside Australasia as early as when Australians studying at Edinburgh University and London University formed teams and competed in Online Casino Anmeldebonus. Footballregeln. Wer nicht lesen mag, hier geht´s zur Spielbeschreibung mit offiziellem Video der NFL. Und für alle, die es ein wenig genauer wissen möchten. An dieser Stelle erhalten Sie einen genauen Einblick in die American Football Regeln einem spannenden Sport, der aus weitaus mehr Taktik besteht, als es für​. Sie wollen Football schauen, kennen aber die Regeln nicht? Wir erklären alles Wichtige rund um "Touchdown", "Quarterback" und "Defense".

Sogar ohne. Dem HSV droht. A14R7U Ticker-Symbol. Was ist Walking Football? Walking Football ist altersgerechtes und. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.

This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.

Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies.

It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. During general play, players may position themselves anywhere on the field and use any part of their bodies to move the ball.

The primary methods are kicking , handballing and running with the ball. There are rules on how the ball can be handled: for example, players running with the ball must intermittently bounce or touch it on the ground.

Throwing the ball is not allowed and players must not get caught holding the ball. A distinctive feature of the game is the mark , where players anywhere on the field who catch the ball from a kick with specific conditions are awarded possession.

Players can tackle using their hands or use their whole body to obstruct opponents. Dangerous physical contact such as pushing an opponent in the back , interference when marking and deliberately slowing the play are discouraged with free kicks, distance penalties or suspension for a certain number of matches, depending on the seriousness of the infringement.

The game features frequent physical contests, spectacular marking , fast movement of both players and the ball and high scoring.

The sport's origins can be traced to football matches played in Melbourne , Victoria , in , inspired by English public school football games. Seeking to develop a game more suited to adults and Australian conditions, the Melbourne Football Club published the first laws of Australian football in May , making it the oldest of the world's major football codes.

Australian football has the highest spectator attendance and television viewership of all sports in Australia, [6] [7] while the Australian Football League AFL , the sport's only fully professional competition, is the nation's wealthiest sporting body.

The sport is also played at amateur level in many countries and in several variations. Australian rules football is known by several nicknames, including Aussie rules, football and footy.

There is evidence of football being played sporadically in the Australian colonies in the first half of the 19th century.

Compared to cricket and horse racing , football was viewed as a minor "amusement" at the time, and while little is known about these early one-off games, it is clear they share no causal link with Australian football.

On 10 July , the Melbourne-based Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle published a letter by Tom Wills , captain of the Victoria cricket team , calling for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with a "code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during winter.

His letter is regarded by many historians as giving impetus for the development of a new code of football today known as Australian football.

Hammersley and J. Trees were used as goalposts and play typically lasted an entire afternoon. Without an agreed upon code of laws, some players were guided by rules they had learned in the British Isles, "others by no rules at all".

Another significant milestone in was a match played under experimental rules between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College , held at the Richmond Paddock.

This a-side contest, umpired by Wills and Scotch College teacher John Macadam , began on 7 August and continued over two subsequent Saturdays, ending in a draw with each side kicking one goal.

Since the early 20th century, it has been suggested that Australian football was derived from the Irish sport of Gaelic football , which was not codified until The evidence for this is only circumstantial, and according to biographer Greg de Moore's research, Wills was "almost solely influenced by his experience at Rugby School".

A loosely organised Melbourne side, captained by Wills, played against other football enthusiasts in the winter and spring of These are the laws from which Australian football evolved.

The rules were distributed throughout the colony; Thompson in particular did much to promote the new code in his capacity as a journalist.

Following Melbourne's lead, Geelong and Melbourne University also formed football clubs in A South Yarra side devised its own rules.

Harrison , [37] an influential pioneer who took up football in at the invitation of Wills, his cousin.

The game around this time was defensive and low-scoring, played low to the ground in congested rugby-style scrimmages.

The typical match was a per-side affair, played with a ball that was roughly spherical, and lasted until a team scored two goals. Football gradually adapted to an oval-shaped field, and most grounds in Victoria expanded to accommodate the dual purpose—a situation that continues to this day.

Football became organised in South Australia in with the formation of the Adelaide Football Club , the oldest football club in Australia outside Victoria.

As clubs began touring the colonies in the late s, the sport spread to New South Wales , and in , the first intercolonial match took place in Melbourne between Victoria and South Australia.

The sport reached Queensland as early as , and experienced a period of dominance there, [48] but, like in New Zealand and areas of New South Wales north of the Riverina , it struggled to thrive, largely due to the spread of rugby football with British migration, regional rivalries and the lack of strong local governing bodies.

In the case of Sydney , denial of access to grounds, the influence of university headmasters from Britain who favoured rugby, and the loss of players to other codes inhibited the game's growth.

In , delegates from six of the wealthiest VFA clubs— Carlton , Essendon , Fitzroy , Geelong, Melbourne and South Melbourne —met to discuss the formation of a breakaway professional competition.

The VFL's popularity grew rapidly as it made several innovations, such as instituting a finals system, reducing teams from 20 to 18 players, and introducing the behind as a score.

While scratch matches were played by Australian " diggers " in remote locations around the world, the game lost many of its great players to wartime service.

Some clubs and competitions never fully recovered. Between and , a proposed hybrid code of Australian football and rugby league , the predominant code of football in New South Wales and Queensland, was trialed without success.

In Queensland, the state league went into recess for the duration of the war. VFL club University left the league and went into recess due to severe casualties.

The role of the Australian National Football Council ANFC was primarily to govern the game at a national level and to facilitate interstate representative and club competition.

The ANFC ran the Championship of Australia , the first national club competition, which commenced in and saw clubs from different states compete on an even playing field.

The last match was played in , with North Adelaide being the last non-Victorian winner in Between and , the ANFC, and later the Australian Football Championships AFC ran a night series , which invited clubs and representative sides from around the country to participate in a knock-out tournament parallel to the premiership seasons, which Victorian sides still dominated.

With the lack of international competition, state representative matches were regarded with great importance. The Australian Football Council co-ordinated regular interstate carnivals, including the Australasian Football Jubilee , held in Melbourne in to celebrate the game's semicentenary.

State of Origin rules, introduced in , stipulated that rather than representing the state of their adopted club, players would return to play for the state they were first recruited in.

This instantly broke Victoria's stranglehold over state titles and Western Australia and South Australia began to win more of their games against Victoria.

The term " Barassi Line ", named after VFL star Ron Barassi , was coined by scholar Ian Turner in to describe the "fictitious geographical barrier" separating large parts of New South Wales and Queensland which predominately followed the two rugby codes from the rest of the country, where Australian football reigned.

The way the game was played had changed dramatically due to innovative coaching tactics, with the phasing out of many of the game's kicking styles and the increasing use of handball; while presentation was influenced by television.

In , in a move that heralded big changes within the sport, one of the original VFL clubs, South Melbourne, relocated to Sydney and became known as the Sydney Swans.

In the late s, due to the poor financial standing of many of the Victorian clubs, and a similar situation existing in Western Australia in the sport, the VFL pursued a more national competition.

Two more non-Victorian clubs, West Coast and Brisbane , joined the league in To protect these revenues the VFL granted significant draft concessions and financial aid to keep the expansion clubs competitive.

Each club was required to pay a licence fee which allowed the Victorian-based clubs to survive. Following the emergence of the AFL, state leagues were quickly relegated to a second-tier status.

State of Origin also declined in importance, especially after an increasing number of player withdrawals.

State and territorial leagues still contest interstate matches, as do AFL Women players. The AFL signalled further attempts at expansion in the s by hosting home-and-away matches in New Zealand, [63] followed by China.

The field, like the ball, is oval-shaped, and in Australia, cricket grounds are often used. No more than 18 players of each team or, in AFL Women's 16 players are permitted to be on the field at any time.

Up to four interchange reserve players may be swapped for those on the field at any time during the game. In Australian rules terminology , these players wait for substitution "on the bench"—an area with a row of seats on the sideline.

Players must interchange through a designated interchange "gate" with strict penalties for too many players from one team on the field.

In addition, some leagues have each team designate one player as a substitute who can be used to make a single permanent exchange of players during a game.

There is no offside rule nor are there set positions in the rules; unlike many other forms of football, players from both teams may disperse across the whole field before the start of play.

However, a typical on-field structure consists of six forwards , six defenders or "backmen" and six midfielders , usually two wingmen , one centre and three followers , including a ruckman , ruck-rover and rover.

Only four players from each team are allowed within the centre square 50 metres or 55 yards at every centre bounce, which occurs at the commencement of each quarter, and to restart the game after a goal is scored.

There are also other rules pertaining to allowed player positions during set plays that is, after a mark or free kick and during kick-ins following the scoring of a behind.

A game consists of four quarters and a timekeeper officiates their duration. At the professional level, each quarter consists of 20 minutes of play, with the clock being stopped for instances such as scores, the ball going out of bounds or at the umpire's discretion, e.

Lower grades of competition might employ shorter quarters of play. The umpire signals time-off to stop the clock for various reasons, such as the player in possession being tackled into stagnant play.

Time resumes when the umpire signals time-on or when the ball is brought into play. Stoppages cause quarters to extend approximately 5—10 minutes beyond the 20 minutes of play.

The official game clock is available only to the timekeeper s , and is not displayed to the players, umpires or spectators.

The only public knowledge of game time is when the timekeeper sounds a siren at the start and end of each quarter. Coaching staff may monitor the game time themselves and convey information to players via on-field trainers or substitute players.

Broadcasters usually display an approximation of the official game time for television audiences, although some will now show the exact time remaining in a quarter.

Games are officiated by umpires. Before the game, the winner of a coin toss determines which directions the teams will play to begin.

Australian football begins after the first siren , when the umpire bounces the ball on the ground or throws it into the air if the condition of the ground is poor , and the two ruckmen typically the tallest players from each team battle for the ball in the air on its way back down.

This is known as the ball-up. Certain disputes during play may also be settled with a ball-up from the point of contention. If the ball is kicked or hit from a ball-up or boundary throw-in over the boundary line or into a behind post without the ball bouncing, a free kick is paid for out of bounds on the full.

A free kick is also paid if the ball is deemed by the umpire to have been deliberately carried or directed out of bounds.

If the ball travels out of bounds in any other circumstances for example, contested play results in the ball being knocked out of bounds a boundary umpire will stand with his back to the infield and return the ball into play with a throw-in , a high backwards toss back into the field of play.

The ball can be propelled in any direction by way of a foot, clenched fist called a handball or handpass or open-hand tap but it cannot be thrown under any circumstances.

Once a player takes possession of the ball he must dispose of it by either kicking or handballing it. Any other method of disposal is illegal and will result in a free kick to the opposing team.

This is usually called "incorrect disposal", "dropping the ball" or "throwing". If the ball is not in the possession of one player it can be moved on with any part of the body.

Opposition players may bump or tackle the player to obtain the ball and, when tackled, the player must dispose of the ball cleanly or risk being penalised for holding the ball.

The ball carrier may only be tackled between the shoulders and knees. If the opposition player forcefully contacts a player in the back while performing a tackle, the opposition player will be penalised for a push in the back.

If the opposition tackles the player with possession below the knees a low tackle or a trip or above the shoulders a high tackle , the team with possession of the football gets a free kick.

Alternatively, he may choose to "play on" forfeiting the set shot in the hope of pressing an advantage for his team rather than allowing the opposition to reposition while he prepares for the free kick.

Once a player has chosen to play on, normal play resumes and the player who took the mark is again able to be tackled.

There are different styles of kicking depending on how the ball is held in the hand. The most common style of kicking seen in today's game, principally because of its superior accuracy, is the drop punt , where the ball is dropped from the hands down, almost to the ground, to be kicked so that the ball rotates in a reverse end over end motion as it travels through the air.

Other commonly used kicks are the torpedo punt also known as the spiral, barrel, or screw punt , where the ball is held flatter at an angle across the body, which makes the ball spin around its long axis in the air, resulting in extra distance similar to the traditional motion of an American football punt , and the checkside punt or "banana", kicked across the ball with the outside of the foot used to curve the ball towards the right if kicked off the right foot towards targets that are on an angle.

There is also the "snap", which is almost the same as a checkside punt except that it is kicked off the inside of the foot and curves in the opposite direction.

It is also possible to kick the ball so that it bounces along the ground. This is known as a "grubber".

Grubbers can bounce in a straight line, or curve to the left or right. Apart from free kicks, marks or when the ball is in the possession of an umpire for a ball up or throw in , the ball is always in dispute and any player from either side can take possession of the ball.

A goal , worth 6 points, is scored when the football is propelled through the goal posts at any height including above the height of the posts by way of a kick from the attacking team.

It may fly through "on the full" without touching the ground or bounce through, but must not have been touched, on the way, by any player from either team or a goalpost.

A goal cannot be scored from the foot of an opposition defending player. A behind , worth 1 point, is scored when the ball passes between a goal post and a behind post at any height, or if the ball hits a goal post, or if any player sends the ball between the goal posts by touching it with any part of the body other than a foot.

A behind is also awarded to the attacking team if the ball touches any part of an opposition player, including a foot, before passing between the goal posts.

When an opposition player deliberately scores a behind for the attacking team generally as a last resort to ensure that a goal is not scored this is termed a rushed behind.

As of the AFL season , a free kick is awarded against any player who deliberately rushes a behind. The goal umpire signals a goal with two hands pointed forward at elbow height, or a behind with one hand.

The goal umpire then waves flags above their heads to communicate this information to the goal umpire at the opposite end of the ground.

The team that has scored the most points at the end of play wins the game. If the scores are level on points at the end of play, then the game is a draw; extra time applies only during finals matches in some competitions.

As an example of a score report, consider a match between Essendon and Melbourne with the former as the home team. Essendon's score of 11 goals and 14 behinds equates to 80 points.

Melbourne's score of 10 goals and 7 behinds equates to a point tally. Essendon wins the match by a margin of 13 points.

Such a result would be written as:. The home team is typically listed first and the visiting side is listed second.

The scoreline is written with respect to the home side. For example, Port Adelaide won in successive weeks, once as the home side and once as the visiting side.

These would be written out thus:. The football season proper is from March to August early autumn to late winter in Australia with finals being held in September and October.

Most of these hold annual semi-professional club competitions while the others oversee more than one league. Local semi-professional or amateur organisations and competitions are often affiliated to their state organisations.

The AFL is the de facto world governing body for Australian football. There are also a number of affiliated organisations governing amateur clubs and competitions around the world.

For almost all Australian football club competitions the aim is to win the Premiership. The premiership is always decided by a finals series.

The teams that occupy the highest positions on the ladder after the home-and-away season play off in a "semi-knockout" finals series, culminating in a single Grand Final match to determine the premiers.

Typically between four and eight teams contest the finals series. The team which finishes first on the ladder after the home-and-away season is referred to as a " minor premier ", but this usually holds little stand-alone significance, other than receiving a better draw in the finals.

Many suburban and amateur leagues have a sufficient number of teams to be played across several tiered divisions, with promotion of the lower division premiers and relegation of the upper division's last placed team at the end of each year.

At present, none of the top level national or state level leagues in Australia are large enough to warrant this structure. The high level of interest shown by women in Australian football is considered unique among the world's football codes.

In terms of participation, there are occasional 19th-century references to women playing the sport, but it was not until the s that the first organised women's teams and competitions appeared.

Many related games have emerged from Australian football, mainly with variations of contact to encourage greater participation.

These include Auskick played by children aged between 5 and 12 , kick-to-kick and its variants end-to-end footy and marks up , rec footy , 9-a-side footy , masters Australian football , handball and longest-kick competitions.

Players outside of Australia sometimes engage in related games adapted to available fields, like metro footy played on gridiron fields and Samoa rules played on rugby fields.

One such prominent example in use since is AFLX , a shortened variation of the game with seven players a side, played on a soccer -sized pitch.

The similarities between Australian football and the Irish sport of Gaelic football have allowed for the creation of a hybrid code known as international rules football.

The first international rules matches were contested in Ireland during the Australian Football World Tour.

Since then, various sets of compromise rules have been trialed, and in the International Rules Series commenced with national representative sides selected by Australia's state leagues later by the AFL and the Gaelic Athletic Association GAA.

The competition became an annual event in , but was postponed indefinitely in when the GAA pulled out due to Australia's severe and aggressive style of play.

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